Recycling + Security
E-waste recyclers can help ensure electronics are managed responsibly at their end of useful life. To manage risks – such as data security, and health and safety of workers – there are several recycler certifications. Common recycling industry certifications include ISO 14001, R2, R2/RIOS, E-Stewards and National Association for Information Destruction (NAID).
NAID certification of recyclers helps identify those with high standards for information destruction services, including computer hard drive destruction. This certification provides businesses, including those in the financial and legal industry, reassurance about data confidentiality. Certain data destruction methods, such as the US Defense Security Service standards, also help ensure data is cleaned and sanitized appropriately before or during e-waste recycling.
In addition to standards for recyclers, several states, counties and municipalities have laws or guidelines for public agencies disposing of electronics. Often they allow – or even mandate – public auction or sale of government-owned surplus equipment and supplies. This can have benefits, but also inhibit government agencies’ control of the e-waste stream, especially if legislation is not in place to ensure proper e-waste collection and disposal. Measures that apply to the way Ohio’s public agencies manage e-waste are examined in detail.
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References & Helpful Links
American Center for Lifecycle Assessment, 2012, http://www.lcacenter.org/
ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board, 2012, ‘Recycling’ website. Available: http://www.anab.org/accreditation/recycling.aspx
Defense Security Service (DSS), 2011, Industrial Security Field Operations (ISFO) Process Manual for the Certification and Accreditation of Classified Systems under the National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual, June, DSS.
ISRI Services Corporation, 2012, ‘About R2Rios’. Available: http://184.108.40.206/index.html and http://www.isri.org/ISRI/_Program_and_Services/RIOS_Certification_Bodies_and_Auditors.aspx
E-Stewards, 2012, ‘Certification Overview’ website. Available: http://e-stewards.org/certification-overview/program-details/
LAWriter, 2012, ‘Ohio Laws and Rules’ website. Available: http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/
National Association for Information and Destruction, 2012, ‘National Association for Information and Destruction’ website. Available: http://www.naidonline.org/nitl/en/index.html
National Association for Information and Destruction, NAID AAA Certification: Beyond the Claims and Promises. Available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DXhPeQ905_kandfeature=youtu.be
National Industrial Security Program (NISP), 2006, Operating Manual DoD 5220.22-M (NISPOM), February, NISP.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 2012, Guidelines for Media Sanitization, September, NIST.